Peru is the center of the Incan Empire, Spain’s South American Empire, and has beautiful colonial architecture and wonderful food. A few of its key regions and sights are:
  • Chan Chan — impressive set of ruins of an ancient Chimor mud city
  • Chavín de Huántar — archaeological site from the pre-Incan Chavin culture of around 900BC
  • Huascarán National Park — high mountain park in Cordillera Blanca range
  • Lake Titicaca — considered to be the highest commercially navigable body of water in the world. See the note below about coca tea.
  • Machu Picchu — Trek to it on the Inca Trail — this one of the most familiar symbols of the Incan Empire, and is one of the most famous and spectacular sets of ruins in the world. A word to the wise: this is at an extremely high altitude. The locals recommend coca tea for any headaches.
  • Manú National Park — one of the most diverse areas in Peru with amazing tropical wildlife including pink dolphins, jaguars, giant river otters, primates, 4,000 types of butterflies and one-third of the world’s 8,600 bird species.
  • Nazca lines — famous for giant drawings in the desert sand and geometric figures
    Río Abiseo National Park
  • Máncora — small beach town with great beaches and surf; a fun party place on weekends and holidays

    Insiders on: Peru

    • Official Language: Spanish, Quechua, Aymara
    • Currency: Nuevo sol (PEN)
    • Highlights: Machu Picchu

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